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Spinal muscular atrophy (High School) became the talk of the town because of the video TikTok Student of Ahmad Dahlan University (UAD) Yogyakarta. What is Spinal Muscular Atrophy?

In the video, he can be seen crying as he talks about how his spinal cord injury has affected his studies.

Spinal muscular dystrophy is a genetic condition that causes muscles to weaken and causes movement disorders. As reported by WebMD, people with SMA tend to have damage to nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. The brain also stops sending messages that control muscle movement.

Symptoms of spinal muscular atrophy

As reported by the NHS, SMA has some common symptoms, including:

1. Numbness of arms and legs
2. There are movement problems for example, difficulty sitting, crawling or walking
3. Muscle spasms or tremors (tremors)
4. Bone and joint problems such as scoliosis
5. Difficulty swallowing
6. Difficulty breathing

Then there are some symptoms of spinal muscular aches according to the type as follows in relation to the explanation of what spinal muscular aches are.

1. Type 0

Type 0 is the hardest and most severe type. SMA type 0 develops in the fetus. A fetus or baby with this type of SMA is usually present during pregnancy and born with joint problems, weak muscles and weak muscles related to breathing. Babies often cannot survive because of difficulty breathing.

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2. Type 1

Type 1 also includes severe SMA. The child probably won’t survive because of the difficulty he raised his head and stood up straight. The child also has weak legs and arms and has difficulty swallowing.

Most children with SMA Type 1 do not make it to age 2 because of breathing problems. Weakness of the muscles that control breathing is a major problem.

3. Type 2

Spinal cord injury Type 2 usually affects children ages 6-18. Symptoms range from moderate to severe and usually affect the feet. The child has difficulty sitting, standing and walking alone.

4. Type 3 (Kugelberg-Welander Disease)

Symptoms begin to appear at ages 2-17. Type 3 is the simplest SMA. The child can stand or walk independently but has trouble running, climbing stairs or getting up from a chair. As he gets older, he will need a wheelchair for mobility.

5. Type 4

SMA type 4 begins to appear in adulthood. Symptoms include muscle weakness, dizziness or breathing problems. SMA usually affects only the upper arms and legs.

The symptoms will continue throughout life but with proper daily exercise and treatment, patients can move and live normally.

Causes of spinal muscular atrophy

In most cases, a child can be born with SMA if both parents have the gene that causes the condition. Parents usually do not have SMA or are called carriers.

About 1 in 40-60 people are carriers of the gene that causes SMA. But what is spinal muscular atrophy?

If both father and mother are carriers of the gene that causes SMA, the odds are as follows.

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1. There is a 25 percent chance that a child will have SMA.
2. There is a 50 percent chance that children will carry the gene that causes SMA but will not develop SMA.
3. There is a 25 percent chance that the child will not carry the gene that causes SMA and will not develop SMA.


[Gambas:Video CNN]