What do you mean “ultra right”?
In recent weeks there have been several rallies organized by “ultra right” groups. Some of these groups have adopted symbols historically associated with fascism, raising concerns about the rise of extremism and the spread of ideologies dangerous to society.
The term “ultra-right” refers to a political ideology and extremist current that resides on the extreme right of the political spectrum. The far right includes all movements and parties of the most conservative right. The ultra-right is ultra-conservatism or ultra-nationalism. Not to be confused with right-wing extremist formations … Because behind the term “ultra-right” actually hides a large number of small right-wing extremist groups with violent actions. They are radical groups. The far right is characterized by radical positions whose ideas such as exclusive, authoritarian, xenophobic nationalism, ethnic supremacy and rejection of democratic values are alarming indicators of this rise in extremism. Hostility towards minorities, immigration and cultural integration is also a worrying aspect of this ideology.
Ultra-right groups or movements can vary in organization and structure. Some may come from political parties, they may be activist groups, paramilitary militias or white supremacist groups. They can use violent tactics to promote their ideologies and threaten social stability.
The Worrying Rise of the Far Right: A Challenge for Society
The rise of the far right in France or in Europe is at the center of concern. It is important that governments, institutions and civil society take this rise of the far right seriously. These small groups can be of a fascist or neo-Nazi character. They reject Islam and immigration. On the extreme right we have the emergence of “ accelerationism », that of supporters of violence. They advocate a violent form of accelerationism as a way to establish white supremacy: a white ethnic state. It’s November 2021 and two far-right activists are calling for ” violent acts “Were arrested, one in Montauban (Tarn-et-Garonne) and the other in Gironde. They are taken into police custody by the General Directorate for Internal Security (DGSI). They both belong to a trend called ” accelerationist “. Then explained Jean-Yves Camus, co-director of the Observatory on Political Radicalities of the Jean-Jaurès FoundationTo express :
«This theory aims to hasten the chaos of the inter-ethnic conflict, the members of which hope for the birth of the great uprising of ethnic Europeans.».
These ultra-right movements are talked about regularly. On Tuesday May 16, it was the Bordeaux Criminal Court that convicted ultra-right activists of racist violence on the night of June 24-25, 2022. Brief return to the events at Saint-Michel with eight activists, dressed in black, partially masked, who charge at passers-by and local residents shouting: ” Bordeaux, nationalist! », all with a Nazi salute. By the time the police arrive on the scene, there will be no one left… but photos and video will then make the arrests possible. You are activists near ” Bordeaux nationalist “This ultra-right small group has now been dissolved. But in September 2022, the “Bastide Bordelaise” will be founded, a new ultra-right small group… Seven of the eight ultra-right activists were sentenced to two years in prison, including one year. The eighth, who expressed regret, will be sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment, including six months as a fixed sentence.
Last Saturday, May 6th, numerous far-right groups in Paris demonstrated in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, their faces covered, they were dressed in black and carried black flags with a Celtic cross. According to the authorities, around 600 activists from the May 9 Committee gathered to commemorate the 29th anniversary of the death of Sébastien Deyzieu, a far-right activist who died accidentally in 1994. The participants marched through the streets of the capital, with a black banner reading “Sébastien present”. At the end of the rally they shouted: European youth revolution “, the slogan of the GUD (Defense Union Group).
The fight against the ultra-right:controversyAt l’IProhibition of Manifestations
Last Saturday’s demonstration provoked outrage and the question of whether to allow this demonstration sparked lively controversy.
According to Vincent Vantighem, senior reporter at BFMTV:
«This movement also gave other small groups, other organizations the idea to take to the streets(…)It is a mimicry effect. The more we talk about it, the more these small groups want to organize demonstrations to bring them to light. »
Sociologist Ugo Palheta points out that some of these groups, like Identitaires and Action Française, have existed for almost a century, while others, like GUD (Groupe Union Défense) and its variants, emerged in the aftermath of the events of May 1968 .
Socialist Senator from Paris David Assouline said on Twitter: “It is unacceptable to let 500 neo-Nazis and fascists march through the heart of Paris yesterday. Their organizations, the manifestation of their ideology, slogans and badges are as much an insult to the dead as a provocation to racial hatred. Explain yourself !».
Ultra right demonstration in Paris:lThe police headquarters justified its non-ban
The Paris Police Headquarters issued a lengthy statement explaining why the far-right demonstration of May 6 was not banned. The prefecture clarified:
«This annual event, as in previous years, was the subject of a declaration of compliance with the obligations of Article L. 211-1 of the Homeland Security Code submitted to the Prefecture on March 7, 2023.» Et d’ajouter: «Since this demonstration had not led to defections or disturbances of public order in previous years, the police prefect was not entitled to issue a prohibition order against it.. »
Police headquarters stressed that appropriate measures had been taken to monitor the demonstration and prevent any risk of riots or clashes. She also specified that she authorizes the use of drones to record images. The prefecture has undertaken to report to the judicial authority any crime observed during this demonstration or that could later be identified thanks to the analysis of the images.
During an interview on BFMTV, Police Prefect Laurent Nuñez said he immediately contacted the Paris Public Prosecutor’s Office about the fact that many people were hiding their faces, which constitutes a criminal offence. He also claimed that the legal requirements for a ban on this demonstration were not met. “I take it wholeheartedly‘ he stressed.
Gérald Darmanin announced on Tuesday 9 May that he had asked the prefects to ban all far-right demonstrations in the future: “ I have directed the prefects to issue ban orders if any far-right or extreme right-wing activist or association or collective in Paris, as anywhere in the territory, will file statements on demonstrations similar to those of Saturday in Paris “. However, he clarified:
«We will let the courts decide whether the case law allows these demonstrations to take place.».
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