Regular Antenatal Screening Helps Prevent the Risk of Having Heart Disease in Babies

Regular Antenatal Screening Helps Prevent the Risk of Having Heart Disease in Babies

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Heart attack not just the experience of parents. In some cases, heart disease can occur from birth. This condition is called congenital heart disease which is experienced since birth.

What exactly is congenital heart disease? Congenital heart disease is a problem in the structure and function of the heart that occurs during the child’s pregnancy. This abnormality can occur in the heart wall, heart valves, or blood vessels near the heart.

This will cause blood flow in the human body; for example, there is a blood clot, or the blood goes the wrong way.

The rate of congenital heart disease in Indonesia is currently around 8 per 1000 live births. With a population of more than 200 million and a birth rate of 2 percent, the number of cases of congenital heart disease in Indonesia is increasing by at least 32 thousand 32 babies every year.

Congenital heart disease is one of the causes of death in the first year of life due to many factors including genetic and environmental factors.

Prevention instead of cure

In addition, mothers with diabetes or rubella infection during pregnancy also have a high risk of developing congenital heart disease in their babies. However, most cases of congenital heart disease occur without other diseases.

“It is very important to adopt a healthy lifestyle and get used to early detection in order to prevent or predict heart diseases that can be born, in addition to early detection, there are other things we can do to reduce the incidence of diseases of childbirth for women who are about to plan. in,” said the Director of Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (P2PTM Kemenkes RI), Eva Susanti in a statement with the Indonesian Heart Foundation.

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The symptoms that appear in patients with heart disease and when these symptoms appear are very different, depending on the type of congenital heart disease. Symptoms can appear shortly after birth, in infancy, or even during adulthood.

What are the symptoms of congenital heart disease?

“Symptoms of congenital heart disease are divided into two categories, namely cyanotic (showing bluish color) and acyanotic (without showing blue color),” said Radityo Prakoso, cardiologist and hematologist.

“In children with cyanotic heart disease, usually when crying, blue marks will appear on the lips, tongue, and nails. On the contrary, in cyanotic heart disease, there are no symptoms, so it is often not they are not recognized and not recognized. The symptoms that can be identified are: Observations are easy to fatigue during work, paleness, rapid heart rate, and slow growth and development in children.

Children with heart disease can show a variety of signs and symptoms, but they may not show symptoms until they are older.

Congenital heart disease can be detected early, even when the baby is still pregnant.

Undiagnosed and untreated congenital heart disease in adulthood can lead to premature heart failure and death.

Eva added that, in order to prevent the risk of heart disease in the fetus, pregnant women should check their health regularly, avoid cigarette smoke, be active in exercise, have balanced nutrition, getting enough rest, and managing stress well.

(chs/chs)

[Gambas:Video CNN]